Thursday, February 9, 2017

Animal Morality/Animals as Food

QUIZ?

NEXT TIME

  • We'll start using the reader that's at Canvas.
  • Our last animal minds topic is pain and fear.  


ANIMAL MORALITY?
powerpoint


TALK MONDAY



  • Turn in a page of notes on 2/14 for 10 extra-credit "involvement" points
  • Professor Thompson may be visiting our class on Feb 14.




NUMBERS (source)


  • About 10 billion land animals die annually in food production in the US
  • 218 million are killed by hunters, in animal shelters, research, product testing, dissection, and fur  farms (2% of total killed)

TYPES OF FARMING (will only discuss #1 today)

  1. Factory farming (vast majority of US farming)
  2. Reformed factory farming (new laws and practices)
  3. Boutique humane farming (can purchase products at Whole Foods)
  4. Perfectly painless farming (interesting to think about but not real)
  5. Plant farming (animals still killed, but only accidentally)

THE BIG PICTURE



The Meatrix (about history of factory farming)


BROILER CHICKEN (FOR MEAT)


Treatment: debeaking, very short lives, crowding (20,000 per barn),  ammonia fumes, collapsing under own weight (see Food Inc.)




LAYING HENS (for eggs)





What happens to the males?


Looking down into a dumpster - discarded male chicks
Treatment: crowding, debeaking
Each chicken has less space than a piece of typing paper


Farm Sanctuary
Glass Walls (PETA) -- watch 1:51 - 3:30


Slaughter: thrown on trucks, long trip, no water, shackled upside down, dragged through electrified water, throats slit, more about slaughter


PIGS



Treatment: crowding, tail-docking, sow crates







An industry video about phasing out of sow crates: http://www.smithfieldfoods.com/responsible-operations/animal-care (watch)

BEEF CATTLE






Treatment: castration, branding, range life until 8 months, feedlot for several months; corn diet, antibiotics, hormones
More info:  Power Steer




DAIRY COWS


Treatment: separation from calves, over-milking, mastitis, BST

What happens to the males? (read about sexed semen)
Good account of modern dairy farm here 




Dairy calf hutches


VEAL CALVES





Veal facts




Veal crates being phased out
SLAUGHTER
Transported on hot, crowded trucks
Animals shot in head with stun gun, lose consciousness (ideally)
Hoisted upside-down, throats slit
Animals killed at a rate of 400 per hour
Temple Grandin reforms: more auditing, curved chute

"SEAFOOD"

some issues:  seine fishing, bycatch, how fish die, dwindling stocks, endangered species

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