- Turn in a page of notes for 10 extra-credit "involvement" points
- We will talk a bit about farm animals next time so you're ready for this talk. We will also cover the material on the syllabus.
- Professor Thompson may be visiting our class on Feb 14.
- exchange email addresses
- discuss what you want issues you want to focus on
- turn that in, so I can help you develop a bibliography
ANIMAL MINDS SCORE SHEET
- Self-awareness and the mirror test (Animal Minds 1:24:40 -1:27:38)
- Insight-chimps (Animal Minds 17:20 - 19:58).
- Insight-crows (Animal Minds 20:00 - 24:38).
- Insight-chimps (clip below).
- Term used metaphorically, not literally!
- Backward time travel - past
- Forward time travel - future
BACKWARD TIME TRAVEL
- The capacity is not simply having a present shaped by past (e.g. trained dog)
- The capacity is not simply storage in memory (e.g. Clark's nutcracker - Animal Minds 14:00 - 16:35)
- The capacity is "episodic memory" - recalling a specific sequence of events (what, when, where).
EVIDENCE OF EPISODIC MEMORY IN ANIMALS
- p. 210: chimps get up earlier to travel to a fig tree when it's further away
- p. 211: Nicola Clayton's study of western scrub jays.
FORWARD TIME TRAVEL
- The capacity is not simply doing something that culminates in a future event (e.g. migration, building a nest, etc.)
- The capacity is foreseeing/thinking about future events
EVIDENCE OF FORESIGHT IN ANIMALS
- Endel Tulving's criteria - p. 213
- The spoon test.
- Santino's rock piles.
- Evidence of foresight plus self-control (willpower) - collecting food for offspring and not eating it.
- Do self-awareness, intelligence, and time travel prove consciousness?
- DeWaal isn't sure - but says he's increasingly inclined to think they point in that direction. Why? (see p. 234)