Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Time Travel

TALK NEXT WEEK
  • Turn in a page of notes for 10 extra-credit "involvement" points
  • We will talk a bit about farm animals next time so you're ready for this talk.  We will also cover the material on the syllabus.
  • Professor Thompson may be visiting our class on Feb 14.



PRESENTATION GROUPS

  • exchange email addresses
  • discuss what you want issues you want to focus on
  • turn that in, so I can help you develop a bibliography
QUIZ(?)

ANIMAL MINDS SCORE SHEET

CLIPS
  1. Self-awareness and the mirror test (Animal Minds 1:24:40 -1:27:38)
  2. Insight-chimps (Animal Minds 17:20 - 19:58).  
  3. Insight-crows (Animal Minds 20:00 - 24:38).  
  4. Insight-chimps (clip below).



TIME TRAVEL
  1. Term used metaphorically, not literally!
  2. Backward time travel - past
  3. Forward time travel - future
BACKWARD TIME TRAVEL
  1. The capacity is not simply having a present shaped by past (e.g. trained dog)
  2. The capacity is not simply storage in memory (e.g. Clark's nutcracker - Animal Minds 14:00 - 16:35)
  3. The capacity is "episodic memory" - recalling a specific sequence of events (what, when, where).
EVIDENCE OF EPISODIC MEMORY IN ANIMALS
  1. p. 210:  chimps get up earlier to travel to a fig tree when it's further away
  2. p. 211:  Nicola Clayton's study of western scrub jays.  
FORWARD TIME TRAVEL
  1. The capacity is not simply doing something that culminates in a future event (e.g. migration, building a nest, etc.)
  2. The capacity is foreseeing/thinking about future events
EVIDENCE OF FORESIGHT IN ANIMALS
  1. Endel Tulving's criteria - p. 213
  2. The spoon test.
  3. Santino's rock piles.
  4. Evidence of foresight plus self-control (willpower) - collecting food for offspring and not eating it.
CONSCIOUSNESS
  • Do self-awareness, intelligence, and time travel prove consciousness?
  • DeWaal isn't sure - but says he's increasingly inclined to think they point in that direction.  Why?  (see p. 234)

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